English Grammar

Verb: use of tenses

In my today's grammar revision I found the two sentences:
1. I went to Japan last year.
2. I have been to Japan in the last year. (not: I was...)
and the explanation: we must use the present perfect to describe the unspecified time. But in my opinion "last year" and "in the last year" are very similiar. What do you mean about it?


  • I don't share your opinion, Gwendo.
    "last year" is a specific moment in the passing of years.
    "in the last year" refers to an undefined moment in the last year, some time during the last year, a moment that is not precised if not that it occurred during the year.
  • Okay Gee, I'll get used to that idea, hopefully.

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